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Methodology: Mechanical Clot Detection
Edit Date: 6/4/2010
Performed: Tuesday, Friday
Released: 7 days
CPT Code: 85306
Specimen Collection Details
Collection: One 4.5 mL light blue top tube (sodium citrate). Collect by careful venipuncture to avoid tissue fluid contamination. Do not use needles smaller than 23 gauge. Fill tube to maximum draw, at least 90% full. Mix by gentle inversion. Call PeaceHealth Laboratories Special Coagulation Department (541.687.2134 x4612) when urgent testing is needed in order to assure STAT testing. If patient HCT is >55%, collection into an adjusted volume of anticoagulant is required. Call the Routine Coagulation Department (541.6873.2134 x4665) for instructions.
Handling: Refrigerate and keep capped in original tube if specimen will be received at PeaceHealth Laboratories within 8 hours. If not, centrifuge to produce platelet-poor plasma, transfer plasma into a plastic vial, and freeze immediately. Label with patient name, test, and ‘citrate.’ If multiple tests are ordered, freeze a separate aliquot for each test. Send to the laboratory within one week. NOTE: Separated plasma is stable for Protein S testing up to 48 hours refrigerated. Freezing the specimen is recommended if it will not be received at the laboratory within 8 hours, in order to assure reliability of plasma for other coagulation testing which is often ordered in combination with this test.
Stability: Rapid processing is recommended as Protein S is often ordered with other more labile tests. Protein S is stable 8 hours ambient, 48 hours refrigerated, or 7 days frozen.
Standard Volume: 4.5 mL whole blood or 2 mL plasma.
Minimum Volume: 1.8 mL whole blood or 0.5 mL plasma.
Transport: Original tube refrigerated if received in laboratory within 8 hours of collection; citrated plasma frozen on dry ice.
Comments: Coumadin therapy may depress the Protein S level. Screening for congenital Protein S deficiency should not be performed on patients on coumadin therapy. Levels obtained 2-3 months after acute thrombosis and when off anticoagulation for at least 2 weeks provide a true basal level. See also: Coagulation Study, Thrombosis Evaluation, Venous (25911).
Rejection Criteria: Visible fibrin; moderate to marked hemolysis.


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